Christian Eschatology – What is it?

Eschatology is literally the study of last things. It comes from the Greek word eschaton referring to the end or last things. In Christian theology, the term “Eschatology” specifically focuses on the study of the prophecies of the Bible, primarily those prophecies that are yet unfulfilled.

Eschatology is considered of great importance within Christian theology for many reasons. First, prophecy makes up a great amount of the biblical text. Studies have shown that 27 percent of the Bible is prophetic in nature. Second, Eschatology proves the divine power of God. For example, when the Bible speaks of one who would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14) named Emmanuel (meaning “God with us”) and the prophecy is specifically fulfilled more than six hundred years later in Jesus, it affirms the ability of God to reveal the supernatural. Third, prophecy motivates Christians to live holy lives, knowing that many of the Bible’s as-yet unfulfilled prophecies speak of the believer’s future home with the Lord.

Within Eschatology, many specific areas of interest are typically addressed. They include:

The Rapture: The word “rapture” refers to a Latin term that means to be “caught up.” The Bible speaks clearly of a time when believers in Jesus will be taken to be with Him in an instant. This event can take place at any moment (referred to as the imminent return of Christ) and is described clearly in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.

The Tribulation: In the last days, Daniel, Revelation, and other prophecies speak of terrible times of suffering and judgment that will take place over a seven-year period. A global leader known as the Antichrist will emerge and control all commerce and finance (Revelation 13).

The Second Coming of Jesus Christ: A pretribulational view of theology (the teaching that the rapture will take place before the seven years of tribulation) focuses on the Second Coming of Jesus Christ at the end of the tribulation period at the final battle of Armageddon. Jesus defeats Satan and those who follow him, and then Jesus begins His reign from the Davidic throne in Jerusalem for the Millennial Kingdom.

The Millennium and Beyond: There is much discussion regarding whether the Millennial Kingdom is literal or figurative. A literal perspective teaches that the 1,000 years mentioned four times in Revelation 20:1-7 refers to a literal 1,000-year period during which Jesus will reign as king with His people in Jerusalem. At the end of this period will be a final rebellion, a final judgment, and a new heaven and earth where Jesus will reign with His people forever from the new heavenly city (Revelation 21-22).

The Role of Israel in the End Times: Theologians have debated the role of Israel in the end times in various ways over the centuries. Unfortunately, many have taught a form of Replacement Theology that states Christians have replaced Israel and the blessings to Israel now fall on the Church. Yet Scripture is clear that God has plans for Israel, both for its people and as a nation. A more literal approach views Israel as God’s special people who will continue to receive the fulfillment of God’s promises to them now and in the future. From among Israel, many already follow Jesus as Messiah and will do so in the future.

Though many of the issues of Eschatology may appear complex, the ultimate conclusion is that Christ will reign forever and His people will be with Him. Titus 2:13 (NIV) teaches, “we wait for the blessed hope—the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.”

The Bible Says:

  • Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me" (John 14:6)
  • And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, That I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh; Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, Your young men shall see visions, Your old men shall dream dreams. (Acts 2:17)
  • And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. (Matthew 10:28)
  • Let not your hearts be troubled. Believe in God; believe also in me. In my Father's house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also (John 14:1-3)
  • For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life (John 3:16)
  • But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you (Matthew 6:33)
  • For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. (Romans 6:23)
  • Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. (Matthew 11:28-29)
  • Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have the light of life (John 8:12)
  • Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God. (1 John 4:15)
  • And this is the testimony: that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life. (1 John 5:11-12)
  • For God says, "At just the right time, I heard you. On the day of salvation, I helped you.” Indeed, the “right time” is now. Today is the day of salvation.(2 Corinthians 6:2 NLT)
  • Pray This Prayer if You Would Like to Receive Jesus

    "Dear God, Thank You for sending Your Son, Jesus, to die for me. Thank You, Jesus, that because You suffered and died in my Place. I can be completely forgiven of all my sins and have eternal life with you forever. Forgive me for everything I have done that is not Your will and Your way for my life. Cleanse me with Your forgiveness so that I can be free of all guilt, shame, and any sense of failure. I believe that after You were crucified, You rose from the dead and now live in the hearts of all who receive You. I believe “there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved” (Acts 4:12). I receive Your love and Your life – . You to live in me today by the power of Your Holy Spirit. Help live in a way that is always pleasing in Your sight so that I can all You created me to be. All glory be to Your name and “let the God of my salvation be exalted” (Psalm 18:46). “Lord, I thank You for Your love and Your mercy, thank You, Lord, for the word that has reached my heart today. I ask for Your forgiveness. Forgive me. Wash me with Your precious blood. Write my name in the Book of Life. Accept me as Your child, Lord. Right now, I forgive anyone that I had not been able to forgive. I renounce to my lack of forgiveness. I renounce all things that have hindered Your flow, and I ask You to transform me and to fill me with Your presence every day. Thank You, Father, Son and Holy Spirit; in the Name of Jesus, Amen.

  • Jesus Christ is the Son of the Living God
  • In God We Trust, Pray Hard, Keep Watch, Stand Firm - Love God, Live Crucified, Serve Others, Share Christ, Show Grace, Shun sin, Stay Pure Be Holy, Walk Humbly, Act Justly - Bear Fruit, Obey Christ, Get Wisdom - Fear God, Fight evil, Forgive all Help the Poor, Equip the Saints, Preach the Gospel, Praise the Lord, Protect the Innocent - Be Ready, Finish Strong & Overcome ! ! ! Souls, Souls, Souls for Jesus!
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